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2010年职称英语综合类词汇练习(10)
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店
  词汇选项 (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
  1.He has established himself to be a competent manager by his successfully handling several difficult tasks. ( )
  A.definite
  B.effective
  C.qualified
  D.deficient
  2.The hotel tries to meet the diverse needs of its customers. ( )
  A.various
  B.indifferent
  C.many
  D.typical
  3.He is exempted from military service, because of his bad sight. ( )
  A.restricted
  B.hampered
  C.liberated
  D.restrained
  4. He pondered his words thoroughly.( )
  A.thought over
  B.thought about
  C.thought of
  D.thought out
  5. We should never content ourselves with a little book knowledge only. ( )
  A.convince
  B.satisfy
  C.comfort
  D.benefit
  6. We are impressed by his considerate arrangement for our travel. ( )
  A.constructive
  B.sensitive
  C.thoughtful
  D.considerable
  7. His health had deteriorated while he was in prison. ( )
  A.became better
  B.became worse
  C.became stronger
  D.became weaker
  8. Smoking is inhibited in public places. ( ) A.instructed
  B.inquired
  C.forbidden
  D.strived
  9.The curious look from the strangers around her made he feel uneasy .( )
  A.difficult
  B.worried
  C.anxious
  D.unhappy
  10.It is said that the house along the street will soon be demolished.( )
  A.pulled down
  B.rebuilt
  C.renovated
  D.whitewashed
  11.The advertising company was surprised by the adverse public reaction to the poster.( )
  A.delayed
  B.quick
  C.positive
  D.unfavorable
  12.The staff of the company are always courteous and helpful.( )
  A.efficient
  B.respectable
  C.well-informed
  D.respectful
  13.The whole idea to build a deluxe hotel here sounds insane to me. ( )
  A.reasonable
  B.sensible
  C.crazy
  D.unbelievable
  14.In his two-hour-long lecture he made an exhaustive analysis of the issue.( )
  A.extremely thorough
  B.long and strong
  C.crazy
   D.unconvincing
  15.Not all members states abide by the principle they had agreed on previously.( )
  A.adhered to
  B.abandoned
  C.applied
  D.adopted
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  参考答案:
  1. 答案选C. 借助搭配结构(…经理)和句子中出现的词语(successfully handling)判断答案应该是C(胜任的)。Definite adj.明确的, 一定的;effective adj.有效的, 被实施的, 给人深刻印象的; deficient adj.缺乏的, 不足的, 不完善的; qualified adj.有资格的。
  2. 答案选A. 分析:借助句意(这家饭店尽量满足饭店顾客的各种需要)判断答案为A(各种各样的)。Indifferent adj(与to连用)不感兴趣的;漠不关心的;不注意的;typical adj.典型的, 象征性的。
  3. 答案选C. 借助搭配结构:在被选项中通常和from搭配使用的动词是C(解放),所以答案是C。该句含义是“他由于视力不好而免服兵役。” Restrict vt.限制, 约束; hamper v.妨碍, 牵制; restrain vt.抑制, 制止。
  4. 答案选A. 分析:借助句意义(他说每一句话要仔细掂量。)判断A是答案。think over v.仔细考虑, 重新考虑; think about v.考虑, 回想; think of v.考虑, 关心, 想起; think out v.设计出, 解决。
  5. 答案选B. 分析:根据句意(我们切不可(满足于)仅仅有一点点书本知识。)判断B(使满足)是答案。Convince vt.使确信, 使信服;convince sb. of sth.使某人相信某事; benefit n.利益, 好处vt.有益于, 有助于; comfort n.安慰, 舒适, 安慰者vt.安慰, 使(痛苦等)缓和。
  6. 答案选C. 分析:D和划线词最相似,所以很可能不是答案。Consider是“考虑”,除了D以外,只有C有“想,考虑”的含义,因此C是答案。constructive建设性的,积极的; considerable adj.相当大(或多)的, 值得考虑的;sensitive adj.敏感的, 灵敏的, 感光的。
  7. 答案选B. 分析:借助搭配“健康…”,排除C和D(strong和 weak都不和“健康”搭配使用,只能说“身体” strong或 weak),再借助句意(在监狱服刑期间他的健康变得恶化了)判断B(变得更糟糕)是答案。Deteriorate v.(使)恶化。
  8. 答案选C. 分析:借助句意(吸烟在公共场合被..)判断C是答案。Instruct vt.教, 命令, 指示; inquire v.询问, 问明, 查究; forbid vt.禁止, 不许; strive v.努力, 奋斗。
  9.答案选C。 分析:uneasy –un + easy(容易的, 安逸的, 舒适的) 。借助划线词的所在的相关结构—“他感到……”判断A不是答案; easy没有“快乐的”的含义,因此排除D。最后借助句意判断C(担忧的)是答案。而其实worried(烦恼的, 为难的, 焦虑的)也是答案。设置被选项特点:近义词,与划线词结构相似词,干扰词。
  10.答案选A. 分析:A和B在含义上相反,所以重点注意。借助句意(沿着街道的房子将很快就被。。)判断A(拆毁)合适。
  Renovate vt.革新, 刷新, 修复;Whitewash n.石灰水, 白色涂料vt.用石灰水把...刷白,设置被选项特点:反义词。
  11. 答案选D. 分析:C(积极的,赞同的)和D(反对的,不赞同的)在含义上相反,所以重点注意。借助划线词的搭配结构“。。的公众反应”和句子中出现的词surprised判(反对的,不赞同的)是答案。设置被选项特点:反义词。
  12.答案选D。 分析:B和D在拼写形式上相似,所以重点注意。借助与划线词搭配的结构“并且乐于帮助人的”判断D(尊重人的, 有礼貌的)是答案。设置被选项特点:形近词。Respectable adj.可敬的, 有名望的, 高尚的, 值得尊敬的;well-informed adj.消息灵通的, 熟悉的,见闻广博的。
  13.答案选C。分析:A(合理的)和B(明智的)是近义词,而且词义很接近,因此彼此排除掉。而C的含义与它们相反,所以判断C(发疯的)很可能是答案。而且C放在句子中含义很通顺。设置被选项特点:反义词,近义词。Unbelievable adj.难以置信的。
  14.答案选A。分析:借助与划线词搭配的结构“对问题进行的。。的分析”判断A(极其透彻的)unconvincing adj.不足以令人相信的。
  15.答案选A. 分析:借助与划线词搭配的结构—“..原则”判断A(遵守)正确。Abandon vt.放弃, 遗弃;Apply vt.申请, 应用vi.申请, 适用;Adopt vt.采用, 收养;设置被选项特点:形近词。

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