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2010年职称英语综合类词汇练习(9)
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店
  词汇选项 (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
  1. We were all there when the accident occurred.()
  A. happened
  B. broke
  C. spread
  D. appeared
  2. It took me exactly a week to complete the work.()
  A. do
  B. achieve
  C. improve
  D. finish
  3. He achieved success through hard work.()
  A. reached
  B. reaped
  C. attained
  D. took
  4.They have made up their mind to give up smoking.()
  A. tried
  B. attempted
  C. agreed
  D. decided
  5. They have given up the hope to save their friends from drowning.()
  A. ended
  B. abandonedC. built
  D. strengthened
  6. It is said that the house along the street will be demolished.()
  A. pulled down
  B. rebuilt
  C. renovated
  D. constructed
  7. The staff of the company are always courteous and helpful. ()
  A. efficient
  B. respectable
  C. well-informed
  D. respectful
  8.The construction of the railway is said to have been terminated.()
  A. resumed
  B. ended
  C. suspended
  D. cancelled
  9. It is postulated that population trends have an effect on economic fluctuations.()
  A. challenged
  B. assumed
  C. accepted
  D. doubted
  10.When Jack eventually overtook the last truck he pulled over to the inside lane. ()
  A. skipped
  B. passed
  C. reached
  D. led
  11. A deadly disease has affected these animals.()
  A. contagious
  B. serious
  C. fatal
  D. worrying
  12.With immense relief, I stopped running.()
  A. much
  B. enormous
  C. little
  D. extensive
  13. Contact your doctor if the cough persists.()
  A. insists
  B. perseveres
  C. continues
  D. resists
  14.Because of the popularity of the region, it is advisable to book hotels in advance.()
  A. possible
  B. profitable
  C. easy
  D. wise
  15. We also want to use the water to irrigate barren desert land. ()
  A. hairless
  B. bare
  C. empty
  D. bald
  参考答案:
  1.答案选A. occur是单义词, 其基本词义为“发生”。因此A(发生)是答案。
  2.答案选D.complete作为动词使用时, 其词义为“完成”, 因此D(完成)是答案。Do是多义词,其常见词义为“做, 尽力, 制作”。
  3.答案选C.achieve的基本词义为“实现(目标), 获得(成功)”, 因此C(获得)是答案。
  4.答案选D.make up one’s mind是固定搭配结构, 其含义为“决心, 决定”, 因此D是答案。
  5. 答案选B. give up是“放弃”, 因此B(放弃)是答案。
  6.答案选A. demolish的基本词义为“毁坏, 拆毁, 推翻”。在句子中该词以被动语态的形式出现, 其宾语是句子的主语结构(the house along the street/街道两旁的房子), 因此 demolish在句中的词义为“拆毁”, 因此A是答案。
  7. 答案选D. Courteous词义单一, 其基本词义为“有礼貌的”, 因此D是答案。
  8.答案选B. terminate的词义较单一, 其基本词义为“结束” , 因此B是答案。
  9. 答案选B. postulate的基本词义为“要求, 假定”,因此B是答案。
  10.答案选B.overtake的基本词义为“赶上;超过”,因此B是答案。
  11.答案选C.deadly是单义词, 其基本词义为“致命的”, 因此C(致命的)是答案。
  12.答案选B.immense的基本含义为“极大的”, 因此B是答案。
  13.答案选C.persist 的基本含义为“坚持, 持续”。persist 在句子中充当条件状语从句中的谓语,主语是cough, 因此persist 在句子中的词义为“持续”, 因此C(持续)是答案。
  14.答案选D.advisable词义单一, 其基本词义为“明智的”, 因此D是答案。
  15.答案选B.barren属于多义词, 其常见词义为“荒芜的, 单调的, 无聊的”, 在句子中修饰land(土地), 由此可见barren在句中的词义为“贫瘠的”, 因此B是答案。

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