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2010年职称英语综合类词汇练习(6)
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店

  词汇选项 (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
  1.Will you please call my husband as soon as possible ? ( )
  A) connect
  B) consult
  C) phone
  D) visit
  2.The workers finally called offthe (www.yqx.cc) strike . ( )
  A) put off
  B) ended
  C) participated in
  D) cancelled
  3. We’ll give every teacher space to develop. ( )
  A) chance
  B) employment
  C) room
  D) opportunity
  4. The herb medicine eventually cured her diseases. ( )
  A) nicely
  B) apparently
  C) finally
  D) naturally
  5. The policeman asked him to identify the thief. ( )
  A) name
  B) distinguish
  C) capture
  D) separate
  6.America’s emphasis on the importance of education for everyone has spurred scientific research. ( )
  A) encouraged
  B) endangered
  C) prevented
  D) enlarged
  7. Some of the stories were mildly amusing. ( )
  A) slightly
  B) hardly
  C) faintly
  D) sufficiently
  8. Human facial expressions (www.yqx.cc) differ from those of animals in the degree to which they can be deliberately controlled and modified. ( )
  A) sufficiently
  B) noticeably
  C) intentionally
  D) absolutely
  9.It was a question of aking sure hat certain eeds were addressed , notably in the pensions rea. ( )
  A) noticeably
  B) remarkably
  C) particularly
  D) significantly
  10. Academic records rom other institutions ften become a part of (www.yqx.cc) a university’s official file and can neither be returned to a student nor duplicated. ( )
  A) borrowed
  B) purchased
  C) copied
  D) lost
  11.Why can’t you stop your eternal complaining! ( )
  A) everlasting
  B)long
  C) boring
  D) detailed
  12. We have to put up with her behavior. ( )
  A) tolerate
  B) accept
  C)understand
  D)ignore
  13.Charges for local telephone calls are outrageous. ( )
  A) unheard of
  B) unacceptable
  C) unbelievable
  D) ridiculous
  14. Many economists have given in to he fatal lure of mathematics. ( )
  A) error
  B) function
  C) attraction
  D) miracle
  15.In their productions, choreographers of modern dance have introduced (www.yqx.cc) humor, protested social injustice and probed psychological problems. ( )
  A)solved
  B) explored
  C) involved
  D) disputed
  参考答案:
  1.答案选C.call是多义词, 其常见词义为“叫喊, 打电话, 拜访(call at a place/call on sb.),起名 ”, 在句子中的含义是“打电话”,相当于call up。 Phone或phone up: 打电话。
  2.答案选D. call off的含义为“取消”,因此D(取消)是答案。put off是“推迟”,由off组成的短语结构在复习中需要关注的有(off的基本含义为“离开,中断”)。
  3.答案选C.space的基本含义是“空间”,因此C(空间)是答案。room是多义词,常见的词义为“房间, 空间, 余地”。选项A和选项D词义均为“机会” , 彼此排除掉,employment是“雇用,使用,职业”。
  4.答案选C.eventually是派生词,其词义为“最终,终于”,所以C(最终)是答案。
  5.答案选A.identify的基本词义为“识别,鉴别”,因此A(认出,说出)是答案。
  6.答案选A.spur的基本词义为“激励;鞭策”,因此A(鼓励)是答案。
  7.答案选A.mildly的基本词义为“温和地, 稍微”,mildly在句中修饰amusing(有趣的),因此mildly在句中的词义为“稍微”, 因此A是答案。
  8.答案选C. deliberately是单义词, 其基本词义为“故意地”, 因此C是答案。
  9.答案选C.notably的基本词义为“显著地,尤其”, notably在句中修饰介词短语结构“in the pensions area(在养老金这个方面)”, 由此可见notably在句子中的含义为“尤其”, 因此C是答案。
  10.答案选C. duplicate在句中充当动词,其词义为“复制, 使加倍”, 因此C(复制)是答案。
  11.答案选A.eternal词义单一, 其基本词义为“永久的”, 因此A(永久的)是答案。
  12.答案选A.短语put up with的基本含义为“忍受”, 因此A是答案。
  13.答案选B.outrageous的基本词义为“残暴的, 令人不能接受的”, 因此B(不能接收的)是答案。
  14.答案选C.lure是单义词, 其基本词义为“吸引”, 因此C(吸引)是答案。
  15.答案选B. probe的基本词义为“探索, 调查”, 因此B是答案。

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