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2010年职称英语卫生类考试考前每日一练(13)
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店
 Attitudes to AIDS Now
  Most people say that the USA is making progress in fighting AIDS, but they do know there's no cure and strongly disagree that "the AIDS epidemic(疫病)is over," a new sur-vey finds.
  The findings, released Thursday by the Kaiser Family Foundation, reassure activists who have worried that public concern about AIDS might disappear in light of recent news about advances in treatment and declines in deaths. "While people are very optimistic a-bout the advances, they're still realistic about the fact that there is no cure. "says Sophia Chang, director of HIV programs at the foundation.
  The Kaiser survey, like a recent USA TODAY Gallup Poll, does find that the number
  of people ranking AIDS as the country's top health problem has fallen. In the Kaiser poll,38% say it's the top concern, down from 44% in a 1996 poll; in the Gallup Poll, 29% say AIDS in No. 1, down from 41% in 1992 and 67% in 1987. Other findings from Kaiser,which polled more than 1,200 adults in September and October and asked additional ques- tions of another 1,000 adults in November: 52% say the country is making progress a-gainst AIDS, up from 32% in 1995. 52% say the government spends too little on AIDS.86% correctly say AIDS drugs can now lengthen lives; an equal number correctly say that the drugs are not cures. 67% incorrectly say that AIDS deaths increased or stayed the same in the past year; 24% know deaths fell.
  Daniel Zingale, director of AIDS Action Council, says, "I'm encouraged that the A-merican people are getting the message that the AIDS epidemic isn't over. I hope the deci-sion-makers in Washington are getting the same message. We have seen signs of compla-cency. "
  41. What do activists worry about?
  A. Recent news about AIDS is not true.
  B. People may stop worrying about AIDS.
  C. Deaths caused by AIDS may not decline.
  D. Advances in AIDS treatment are too slow.
  42. According to the passage, people's attitude toward the cure of AIDS is__________.
  A. optimistic
  B. realistic
  C. pessimistic
  D. hopeless
  43. The Gallup Poll shows that the number of people__________.
  A. who suffer from the worst disease AIDS has fallen
  B. who think AIDS threatens the countryside has fallen
  C. who worry about AIDS and health problems has fallen
  D. who think AIDS is the country's top health killer has fallen
  44. According to the Kaiser Poll, which of the following is NOT correct?
  A. The country is making progress against AIDS.
  B. AIDS drugs still cannot save people's lives.
  C. AIDS drugs can now make people live longer.
  D. More and more people die of AIDS now.
  45. The word "message" in the last paragraph means__________.
  A. printed news
  B. contact
  C. meaning
  D. idea
  
  参考译文
  当今人们对待艾滋病的态度
  一项新的调查表明:大多数人认为美困在对抗艾滋病的战斗中取得了进展。然而他们很清楚艾滋病是不治之症,同时他们认为艾滋病疫情仍然没有结束。
  这项由恺撒家庭基金会于周二公布的调查打消了部分激进主义分子的疑虑,他们曾担心,由于最近不断有新闻报道人们在艾滋病治疗上取得的进展以及艾滋病死亡率的降低,公众对艾滋病的关注也许会消失殆尽。
  该基金会的艾滋病项目负责人Sophia Chang认为:“一方面人们对艾滋病的治疗前景表示乐观,另一方面,人们也接受艾滋病不可治愈这一现实。”
  恺撒基金会的调查结果与“《今日美国》盖洛普”民意测验”的结果如出一辙:将艾滋病视为本国最严重健康问题的人数下降了。恺撒基金会的调查显示:38%的人将艾滋病视为头等大事,比起1996年的44%这一比例有所下降;盖洛普民意测验显示:29%的人将艾滋病列在首位,这一比例比起1992年的41%和1987年的67%都下降不少。
  恺撒基金会还在9月和10月又对1,200百多名成人进行了一项民意调查,并在11月对另外1,000名成人询问了一些额外的问题,得出了以下结果:
  52%的人认为本国在对抗艾滋病方面有进步,这一比例比1995年的32%有所上升。
  52%的人政府花在艾滋病方面的钱太少。
  86%的人正确地认识到治疗艾滋病的药物能够延长患者生命,同时相同数量的人正确地认识到这些药物不能治愈艾滋病。
  67%的人错误地认为。在过去的一年中,艾滋病死亡率有所上升或是与往年持平;24%的人知道死亡率下降了。
  艾滋病行动委员会负责人Daniel Zingale认为:“当我得知美国人民清楚艾滋病疫情并未结束时,我真是觉得欢欣鼓舞。我希望华盛顿的决策层也能认识到这一点。在这之前,有的人对现状有点过于自信了。”

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