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2010年职称英语理工类考试考前每日一练(13)
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店
 阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
  Crashed Cars to Text Message for Help
  There is no good place to have a car crash—but some places are worse than others.In a foreign counhy.for instance,_____(1)to explain via cellphone that you are upside down in a ditch when you cannot speak the local language can fatally delay the arrival of the emergency services。
  But all answer may be at hand.Researchers funded by the European Commissiono are beginning tests of a system called E—merge that_____(2)senses when a car has crashed and sends a text message,telling emergency services。in the lOcal language that the accident has taken place.
  The system was_____(3)by ERTIC0,a transport research organization based in Brussels,Belgium.Cars are fitted with a cellphone—sized device ataehed_____(4)the underside of the dashboard which is activated bv the same sensor that triggers the airbag in a crash.The device_____(5)a eellphone circuit,a GPS positioning unit and a microphone and loudspeaker.
  It registers the severity of the crash by_____(6)the deceleration data from the airbag,s sensor.Using GPS information,it works out which country the Car is in,and from this it determines_____(7)which language to compose an alert message detailing precise location of the accident.
  The device then automatically makes a call to the local emergency services_____(8).If the car's occupants are eouscious,they can communicate with the operator_____(9)the speaker and microphone.
  E—merge also transmits the vehicles make,model,color and license number,and its headin9,when it crashed,which in rum indicates On which side of a multi-1 ane highway it ended up.
  This_____(10)the emergency services find the vehicle as soon as they arrive on the scene。“We can waste a large一一(11)time searching for an incident,”says Jim Hammond,a(an)_____(12)in vehicle technology at the Association of Chief Police Officers in the UK。Tests will begin soon with police car fleets in the UK。Trials haye already started in Germany,Sweden,Spain,the Netherlands and Italy。
  In—ear systems that summon the emergency services after a crash have_____(13)been fitted in some premium ears.“ERTICO says that_____(14)EU states”are willing to fund the necessary infrastructure,E—merge could be working by 2008.
  A study by French car maker Renault concluded that the system could save up to 6000 0f the 40,000 lives lost each year on Europe’s roads,and prevent a similar number of serious injuries.
  The Renault study estimates that fitting E.merge to every ear in Europe would eventually save m'ound 1 50 billion
  per_____(15)in terms of reduced costs to health services and insurance companies,and fewer lost working days.
  词汇:
  Cellphone n.移动电话,手机 Underside n.下侧;底面
  dashb.ard n.(车辆的)挡泥板;(汽车的)仪表板 sensor n.传感器;敏感元件
  airbag n.(安全)气囊 severity n.严重(性)
  deceleration n.减速 occupant n.占有人,占用者
  练习:
  1,A.try
  B.tried
  C.trying D.having t6ed
  2.A.automatically
  B.accidentally
  C.tremendously
  D.usually
  3.A.changed
  B.10cated
  C.developed
  D.copied
  4.A.by
  B.up
  C.about
  D.to
  5。A.forms
  B.is consisted of
  C.composed of
  D.includes
  6.A.read
  B.reading
  C.reads
  D.being read
  7。A.on
  B.in
  C.of
  D.at一起学论坛
  8.A.car maker
  B.policeman
  C.doctor
  D.operator
  9,A.via
  B.near
  C.by
  D.besides
  10.A.assists
  B.causes
  C.makes
  D.helps
  11。A.number of
  B.deal of
  C.amount of
  D.volume of
  12。A.writer
  B.reporter
  C.expert
  D.leader
  13.A.already
  B.long ago
  C.long before
  D.shortly
  14.A.although
  B.nevertheless
  C.however
  D.if
  15.A.citv
  B.year
  C.person
  D.country

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