Changes of Museums
46 They are no longer places for the privileged few or for bored vacationers to visit on rainy days.
47 Some of the old, gray museums have been rebuilt, and the newer ones are open and modern in their architecture. Inside, there is modern lighting, color, and sound. Instead of displaying everything they own, museum directors show fewer objects and leave open spaces where visitors can gather and sit down. They also bring together in one display a group of objects drawn from various parts of the museum in an effort to represent the whole life-style of a region or a historical period.
More and more, museum directors are realizing that people learn best when they can somehow become part of what they are seeing. In many science museums, for example, there are no guided tours. The visitor is encouraged to touch, listen, operate, and experiment so as to discover scientific principles for himself. He can have the experence of operating a spaceship or a computer. He can experiment with glass-blowing and paper-making. 49 The theory is that people who do not understand science will probably fear it, and those who fear science will not use it to best advantage.
Many museums now provide educational services and children's departments. In addition to the usual displays, they also offer film showings and dance programs. 50
A The purpose is not only to provide fun but also to help people feel at home in the world of science.
B Museums have changed.
C In one room, for instance, you may find materials, clothing, tools, cooking pots, furniture, and art works of a particular place and time.
D Instead of being places that one “should” visit, they are places to enjoy.
E There are open spaces that museums leave for visitors.
F Many museums have changed in appearance.
Freezing to Death for Beauty
People in Beijing wear a lot of clothing during winter to fend off the cold. In the United States, however, people wear51, partly because the car is the primary mode of transportation. Cars take 52 straight to their workplaces, which are heated well. The American diet is full of calories, so their 53can afford to bum heat more quickly.
Fewer layers of clothing give people the opportunity to stay 54 Lots of Yale girls wear skirts 55 when it's 10 degrees Centigrade outside. Some of them at least wear boots, tights, and leg-warmers. Some, however, really just go for the look 56 the risk of health. These girls have nothing to prevent their legs 57 the wind, and no socks to protect their feet. A mini skirt and a pair of stilettos are all that they wear.
Typically, the ones pursuing fashion are 58 , with little body fat. Just by the nature of their bodies, they are already at a disadvantage compared with normal people in 59 weather. I have always60 , whenever I pass these girls, how they manage to refrain from shivering and just smile like spring had arrived.
And then there are the guys. The girls can be said to 61health for beauty. But why do guys 62 so little? It is not like, once they shed some layers, they suddenly become better-looking. They are not exactly being fashionable when they63 wear sporty shorts and shower slippers in the midst of winter. It's not cute.
Of course, people have the freedom to look whatever 64 they want. I am just surprised that, given the vast difference between winter and summer temperatures in Connecticut, they can still 65 like they are partying on the beach in the middle of February.
51. A) scarce B) lessC) littleD) least
52. A) people B) studentsC) shoppers D) them
53. A) arms B) headsC) legs D) bodies
54. A) bonyB) thin C) fashionable D) hungry
55. A) evenB) sometimesC) frequentlyD) occasionally
56. A) in B) for C) at D) on
57. A) with B) against C) above D) under
58. A) fat B) uglyC) shortD) skinny
59. A) warmB) cold C) cool D) hot
60. A) dreamed B) stated C) claimed D) wondered
61. A) sacrifice B) devote C) suffer D) endure
62. A) bear B) carryC) wear D) put on
63. A) only B) seldom C) rarely D) hardly
64. A) method B) road C) way D) avenue
65. A) see B) resemble C) show D) look
46 B 47 F 48 C 49 A 50 D
51 B 52 D 53 D 54 C 55 A
56 C 57 B 58 D 59
B 60 D 61 A 62 C 63 A 64 C 65 D