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2010年职称英语理工类A级全真模拟题及答案
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店

第1部分:词汇选项(第三1~15题,第题1分,共15分)

下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1 We consume a lot more than we are able to produce

A waste

B buy

C use

D sell

2 As a writer, he turned out three novels that year.

A refused

B read

C produced

D accepted

3 Winston Churchill gave a moving speech

A nervous

C stirring

B foolish

D fast

4 We tried to restrict our conversation to arguments relevant to the topic.

A put

B suit

C confine

D resort

5 It doesn't stand to mason that he would lie.

A seem logical

B look pleasant

C appear obvious

D sound important

6 The company recommended that a new gas station be built here

A ordered

B insisted

C suggested

D demanded

7 A plastic wheel can be as tough as a metal one.

A useful

B tight

C weak

D strong

8 Of all the planets in this solar system, Mercury is nearest the Sun

A most like

B closest to

C hotter than

D heavier than

9 If wool is put into hot water, it tends to shrink.

A disappear

B expand

C break

D contract

10 The train came to an abrupt stop, making us wonder where we were.

A an uncertain

B a slow

C an unexpected

D a smooth

11 Almost all economists agree that nations gain by trading with one another.

A work

B profit

C rely

D prove

12 The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

A denied

B investigated

C stressed

D created

13 The chemical is deadly to rats but safe to cattle.

A fatal

B hateful

C good

D useful

14 During his lifetime he was able to accumulate quite a fortune.

A control

B spend

C collect

D exchange

15 It's impolite to cut in when two persons are holding a conversation

A leave B talk ioudly

C standup D interrupt

第2部分:阅读判断(16~22题,第题1分,共7分)

新闻记者下面这篇短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

Plants in Desert

Only special plants can survive the terrible climate of a desert, for these are regions where the annual range of the soil temperature can be over 75℃. Furthermore, during the summer there are few clouds in the sky to protect plants from the sun's ray. Another problem is the fact that there are frequently strong winds which drive small, sharp particles of sand into the plants, tearing and damaging them. The most difficult problem for all forms of plant life, however, is the fact that the entire annual rainfall occurs during a few days or weeks in spring.

Grasses and flowers in desert survive from one year to the next by existing through the long, hot, dry season in the form of seeds. These seeds remain inactive unless the right amount of rain falls. If no rain falls, or if insufficient rain falls, they wait until the next year, or even still the next. Another factor that helps these plants to survive is the fact that their life cycles are short. By the time that the water from the spring rains disappears -- just a few weeks after it falls -- such plants no longer need any.

The perennials have special features which enable them to survive as plants for several years. Thus, nearly all desert perennials have extensive root systems below ground and a small shoot system above ground. The large root network enables the plant to absorb as much water as possible in a short time. The small shoot system, on the other hand, considerably limits water loss by evaporation.

Another feature of many desert perennials is that after the rainy season they lose their leaves in preparation for the long, dry season, just as trees in wetter climates lose theirs in preparation for the winter. This reduces their water loss by evaporation during the dry season. Then, in next rainy season, they come fully alive once more, and grow new branches, leaves and flowers, just as the grasses and flowers in desert do.

16 Ordinary plants are unable to survive in the desert mainly because of the changeable weather.

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

17 Grasses and flowers in desert are able to survive because they stay in the form of seeds to wait for the right amount of water to come.

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

18 Grasses and flowers in the desert whose life cycles are short shows their ability to adapt to the quick disappearance of rainwater there after it fallsin spring.

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

19 Winter is the toughest season for grasses and flowers to survive in desert

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

20 The shoot system of perennials can help the plants absorb less of the sun's ray.

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

21 The theme of the second last paragraph is why the perennials can survive as plants for several years.

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

22 Desert perennials lose their leaves after the rainy season just as trees lose theirs in wetter climates before winter arrives, but the reasons for this feature are different.

A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23~30题,第题1分,共8分)

新闻记者下面这篇短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选取项中为第2~5段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题材要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Local Newspapers in Britain

1. Britain has a large circulation (发行量) of the national newspapers. The Daily Mirror and The Daily Express both sell about 4 million copies each day. On average, every family will buy one newspaper in the morning, and take two or three on Sundays.

2. Local newspapers are just as popular as the national ones in Britain. Local papers have a weekly circulation of 13 million. Nearly every town and country area has its own paper, and almost every local paper is financially holding its own. Many local newspapers are earning good profits.

3. Local newspapers have their special characteristics. They mainly satisfy interest in local events - births, weddings, deaths, council meetings, and sports. Editors often rely on a small staff of people who know the district well. Clubs and churches in the neighborhood regularly supply these papers with much local news. Local news does not get out of date as quickly as national news. If there is no room for it in this week's edition, a news item can be held over until the following week.

4. The editor of a local newspaper never forgets that the success of any newspaper depends on advertising. For this reason, he is keen to keep the good will of local businessmen. If the newspaper sells well with carefully chosen news items to attract local readers, the businessmen will be grateful to the paper for the opportunity of keeping their products in the public eye.

5. Local newspapers seldom comment on problems of national importance, and editors rarely take sides on political questions. But they can often provide service to the community in expressing public feeling on local issues. A newspaper can sometimes persuade the council to take action to improve transport, provide better shopping facilities, and preserve local monuments and places of interest.

23 Paragraph 2 

24 Paragraph 3 

25 Paragraph 4 

26 Paragraph 5 

A Keeping Good' Relations with Local Businessmen

B Service Provided by Local Newspapers

C Large Circulation of the National Newspapers

D Special Features of Local Newspapers

E Power of Local Newspapers

F Popularity of Local Newspapers

27 British people have the habit of reading newspapers in the 

28 Many local newspapers in Britain are making 

29 Local newspapers are well received because they carry articles that please 

30 Local newspapers rarely give opinions on 

A a lot of money

B local people

C morning

D local people

E national issues

F local issues

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