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2010年职称英语理工类B级阅读判断精华练习(3)
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店
  下面这篇短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题材卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题材卡上把C涂黑。
  Vocational Education
  Vocational education refers to education for a particular occupation. Industrialized countries have seen a fall in demand for unskilled workers, and an increase in jobs in the professional, technical, commercial, and administrative sector. Vocational education is traditionally associated with trades and crafts:young people were apprentice to employers for a number of years and learned on the job. Today the focus has shifted from the workplace to secondary and higher education institutions, and from employers’to government provision and finance. Trainees in most occupations combine workplace training with study at a technical or academic institution. In the former Soviet Union, school and work were always strongly linked from primary school. Germany provides nine out of ten young people not entering higher education with vocational training, and training is planned from national down to locate level through joint committees of government representatives, employers, and trade unions. In some countries, skills are being grouped and “job families” created so that individuals can move between jobs with similar technical requirements. In others “competency-based education” is advocated to equip individuals with “transferable” as well as specific skills. In developing countries, where it is traditional for children to work from an early age, only a tiny proportion of students follow a formal vocational program, while the long specialist training of professionals such as doctors, lawyers, and engineers is a costly burden. Training places for technicians, nurses, teachers, and the essential workers are often limited. Worldwide, there is a slow but steady increase in the numbers of women training for occupations of influence in science, technology, law, and business. It is also becoming clear that one course of vocational education is not enough for a lifetime. Retraining, through continuing education is essential.
  16 Vocational education refers to education for a usual vocation.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  17 So far as vocational training is concerned, industrialized countries need more workers for jobs in the professional sector.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  18 It is stated in the passage that the two major changes in vocational education are in the place and the source of finance it is provided.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  19 In the former Soviet Union, school and work were always weakly linked from primary school.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  20 In Germany, vocational education is the one that everybody can take voluntarily.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  21 In some countries, in order to help people to become capable of taking different jobs, different skills within a broad category are taught.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
  22 It can be concluded from the passage that more vocational education has to be provided in the fature.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

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