地震安全手册:这些应急物品你有吗?
来源:网友上传 2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者】   资料下载   外语书店

  Have on Hand for Any Emergency – Ideas for Home, Workplace, and Car

  为突发状况准备趁手的的应急物品:家里、办公地点、汽车上如何应急

  Because you don’t know where you will be when an earthquake occurs, prepare a Disaster Supplies Kit for your home, workplace, and car.

  因为你不知道地震发生的时候自己会在哪儿,所以,在家里、办公地点以及汽车上,都准备一套抗灾装备吧。

  【水】

  ❏ Water. Store at least 1 gallon of water per person per day and be prepared for a 72-hour period. A normally active person needs at least ½gallon of water daily just for drinking. In determining adequate quantities, take the following into account:

  每人每天至少需储备1加仑(3.8升)的水,并按此标准一次备够72小时之用。一般情况下,一个活跃的正常人,光饮用,每天就需要消耗1/2加仑(1.9升)的水。为了保证足够的量,应考虑以下因素:

  • Individual needs vary depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet, and climate.

  • Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water.

  • Very hot temperatures can double the amount of water needed.

  • A medical emergency might require more water.

  * 个体需求量因年龄、体质、活动量、饮食、气候等而有差异。

  * 儿童、哺乳期妇女、病人需水量更大。

  * 高温天气会使需水量成倍增加。

  * 医疗紧急情况会需要更多的水。

  It is recommended that you buy commercially bottled water. Keep bottled water in its original container and do not open it until you need to use it. Also, pay attention to the expiration or "use by" date.

  建议你购买一些瓶装水。不要拆开瓶装水的原包装,在必须使用之前不要打开。另外,要注意保质期或者最晚饮用日期。

  If you choose to prepare your own containers of water, you should buy air-tight, food-grade water storage containers from surplus or camping supply stores. Before filling the containers, clean them with dish washing soap and water, and rinse them completely so that there is no residual soap. Water stored in your own containers should be replaced about every 6 months.

  In addition to water, have purification tablets such as Halazone and Globaline, but be sure to read the label on the bottle before using the tablets.

  如果你准备用自己的容器装水,你应该从军用品或者野营用品专门店购买那种不漏气的、专门储存食品的盛水容器。在装水之前,要用餐具专用洗涤剂和水清洗容器,并用水冲净,以免洗涤剂残留。容器内的水必须每6个月更换一次。除了水之外,还需要一些净化用的药片,比如哈拉宗(Halazone)、高碘甘氨酸(Globaline),但在使用这些药片之前,一定要先看看瓶子上的标签。(译者:请向专业人士或医护人员资讯上述药品的使用!)

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